Code descriptions:

Growth Rate: F - Fast M - Moderate S - Slow
Light Preference: ☼ - Full Sun ø - Partial Sun • - Shade
Adaptation / Best Use: + - Wetlands ú – Windbreak
o - Christmas Trees & - Wildlife Food and Cover
W – Wood Products E – Erosion Control L – Locally Grown

 

2015 Annual Tree Program
Species for Sale


If you are wondering which tree looks like what or which species would be best for different conditions on your property, then this section should help you. The species are divided into types. List under the descriptions for each specie is the conditions that the species grows best in.For example if you are looking for something that will grow in a wet section of land then look for the +, if you are looking for something that will grow in full sun look for the ☼.
 

Species Index

Conifers/Evergreens


Balsam Fir


Blue Spruce

Red Pine

Scotch Pine

 White Cedar

White Pine

White
Spruce

 Norway
Spruce

 

 
 Seeds 

 

 


Bird & Butterfly Wildflower Seeds

 
Wildlife Trees & Shrubs


 Nannyberry

Winterberry

Manchurian 
Crabapple

Highbush Cranberry

Nanking Cherry 

Lowbush Blueberry

Purple Lilac

Pussy Willow

Red Raspberry

Rugosa Rose

Flowering Dogwood 

Wild Apple
 

Wild Plum
Black Currant
 
 

 

   

 

 Hardwoods


Black Cherry

Black Walnut 

Hybrid Poplar

Paper Birch

Red Maple

Sugar Maple

 White Oak

 

 

 

  Miscellaneous Items


Tree Plantation Signs

Fertilizer Tablets

60" Tree Protectors


Pointed Stakes

 

 

 

Conifers/Evergreens

 

White Pine

Needles are soft, bluish-green, flexible, 3-5” long, in bundles of 5. A mature White Pine commonly attains 50 – 80’ in height and 3’ in diameter. They prefer fertile, moist, well-drained, acidic soils. Sensitive to salt.

Code: F, ☼, ø, +, ú, o, &, W

  

Red Pine

Needles are soft, slender, dark green, 4-6" long, in clusters of 2, and easily broken when bent. They generally grow to be 50-80' tall and 2' in diameter. They adapt to adverse sites but prefer well-drained, slightly acidic, sandy loam soils. They do not tolerate salt or shade.

Code: F, ☼, ø, o, &, W

 

Scotch Pine

Needles are bluish-green or dark green, stout, twisted, 1½ - 3 ½" long, in clusters of 2. Young trees have an irregular pyramidal crown. Scotch Pine grow to 40-50' tall with a diameter of 2'. They can grow on a wide variety of even poor soils but do best on well-drained clays and loams that are slightly acidic to slightly alkaline pH.

Code: F, ☼, ú, o

 

Blue Spruce

Needles are bluish-green, 4-sided, rigid, about a ¼" long. They grow to 50-75' tall. Blue Spruce prefer moist, rich, slightly acidic soil and are more drought tolerant than other spruce trees.

Code: S, ☼, ø, ú

 

Balsam Fir

Needles are ¾ - 1" long, shiny dark green. Balsam Fir can grow 60-80' tall and to a tree trunk diameter of 2'. They prefer cool, moist, well drained, acidic soil. Balsam Fir is generally considered “The” Christmas tree and is fragrant.

Code: S, ☼, ø, o, ú

 

White Spruce

White Spruce needles are bluish-green, short, single and rigid. Tree grows to 60-70' tall and 2' in diameter. They are widely used for site adaptability. They are very tolerant of cold windy conditions. They prefer well-drained soils that are medium moist to dry with an acidic pH. Tolerate clay.

Code: M, ☼, ø, +, ú, &

 

White Cedar

White Cedar has 1/8", dark blue-green, scaly, overlapping “needles” that are pressed close to the twig, and fragrant when crushed. They grow to 40-50' tall and 2' in diameter. They prefer well drained soil but tolerate swamps and limestone soils with a pH that is slightly acidic. Wood is resistant to decay. Subject to deer damage.

Code: S, ☼, ø, +, ú, &

Norway Spruce

This graceful pyramidal tree has sharp, shiny, dark needles. Beautiful spreading branches with drooping twigs. An extremely hardy tree that is successful under most soil conditions. Makes a charming Christmas tree, an appealing ornamental specimen, or a protective windbreak. Fast growth makes the Spruce ideal for timber.

Code: M, ☼, ø, o, ú, W

 

Code descriptions

Growth Rate:  F – Fast,  M – Moderate,  S – Slow
Light Preference:  ☼ – Full Sun,  ø – Partial Sun,  • – Shade
Adaptation / Best Use:  + – Wetlands,  ú – Windbreak

o – Christmas Trees
& – Wildlife Food and Cover
W – Wood Products
E – Erosion Control
L – Locally Grown

 Back to Top

 

Seeds

 

 

Bird & Butterfly Wildflower Seed Mix

This year we are offering a new variety of wild-flower seeds, Bird and Butterfly mixture. This blend contains annual and perennial flowers that attract humming-birds and butterflies all summer long. The heavy reseeding annuals act as a natural food source all winter. Wild-flowers are tolerant to a wide range of soils. Grow 12-48” tall. 13 different varieties of flowers including Ox-Eye Daisy, Bachelor’s Button, Tall Sweet Alyssum, Foxglove, Cosmos, etc…

Code: F, ☼, ø, &, E



Code descriptions

Growth Rate:  F – Fast,  M – Moderate,  S – Slow
Light Preference:  ☼ – Full Sun,  ø – Partial Sun,  • – Shade
Adaptation / Best Use:  + – Wetlands,  ú – Windbreak

o – Christmas Trees
& – Wildlife Food and Cover
W – Wood Products
E – Erosion Control
L – Locally Grown

 Back to Top

 

 Wildlife Trees & Shrubs

 

Manchurian Crabapple

Flowering Crabapple have simple, ovate to elliptical-oblong leaves. They are dark or olive-green above and paler green below. They produce fragrant white flowers. Mature tree height is 15' tall. Flowering Crabapple prefer well-drained, moist soils that are acidic to slightly acidic.

Code: M, ☼, ú, &, L

 

Wild Apple

Wild Apple trees have a pretty, pink-tinged flower. The fruit is a large, red-yellow apple that can be used for culinary purposes and is great for wildlife. They mature to 15' tall. They prefer well drained, acidic to slightly acidic, loamy soil. Extremely hardy tree.

Code: M, ☼, ú, &, L

 

Lowbush Blueberry

These blueberries have white flowers and medium size berries. They only get to about 2' tall. Packages are 2 plants - 1 each of 2 cloned named varieties. Varieties mixed for pollination purposes. They prefer moist but well drained acidic soil.

Code:: M, ☼, &, L

 

Wild Plum

The Wild Plum produces profuse white flowers and sweet purple fruit. Their mature height can be 25'. They prefer well-drained soils and high spots. Wild Plums are very prone to root suckering and usually form a thicket of growth from a single tree, so they can be planted as a hedge. Very hardy.

 Code: M, ☼, ú, &, L

 

Rugosa Rose

This deciduous shrub grows between 3 and 6’. It prefers lighter, slightly alkaline soils. They produce a pink flower and large, mild flavored, edible hips that are high in Vitamin C.

Code: F, ☼, ø, ú, &

  

Purple Lilac

Purple Lilac has leaves that are heart shaped. The purple flowers are fragrant. They can grow to heights of 20'. They prefer soil that is well drained and slightly acidic. Purple Lilacs are easy to grow ornamental trees.

Code: M, ☼, ú, &, L

 

Flowering Dogwood

These small to medium trees can grow to be 15-30’ tall.   Flowers are showy in spring. Leaves turn red-purple in fall. Glossy red fruits attract winter songbirds. Grows in most soils including moist, acid, and well-drained soils.

Code: F, ☼, ø, ú, &

 

Pussy Willow

We are offering Pussy Willows this year. They are a vigorous, upright-growing tall bush, producing 5-7 unbranched stems per session. The silvery catkins are small, but attractive. Does well in wet soils.

Code: F, ☼, +, &, E

 

Nanking Cherry

Beautiful flowers grace this shrub in early spring, later developing into small sour cherries which are fine for pies, jams, and jellies. Seldom exceeds 6 ft. in height. Medium hardiness (to minus 30F.) At least two plants required for pollination. For a nice full hedge, plant 3 to 4 feet apart.

Code: F, M, ☼, &, ú, L

 

Nannyberry

About 8-10 feet when full-grown, this attractive bush

bears a sweet flat-seeded berry. Good to eat, if you can beat the birds to the crop. Extremely hardy. Plant 3 to 4 feet apart.

 

 

Code: F, ☼, &

 

Highbush Cranberry

The Cranberry bush is not a true cranberry, but is related to the Nannyberry. Fruit is bright red and hangs in large clusters after the leaves are gone. They will reach 6-10' and thrive on a variety of soil types, even slightly wet. They do best on slightly acidic to slightly alkaline soil pH. Makes a dense winter hedge. Used for jams, preserves and to attract wildlife.

Code: M, ☼, ø, ú, &

  

Red Raspberry

Raspberry plants require full sunlight, good air move-ment and grow best in deep, well-drained, slightly acidic pH, loamy soils, with good water holding capacity and high organic matter. They grow up to 3' tall and will fruit in 2 years. Easy to grow.

Code: F, ☼, &, L

  

Winterberry

A bright flash of color in an otherwise barren landscape, winterberry shows up best in late Fall.  This northern holly loses its leaves but produces scarlet red berries that last well into winter, providing food for hungry birds. The boughs, with their clusters of colorful berries, make beautiful decorations for the Winter season. Mature plants will reach 6 -8’. They will grow in wet to well-drained soils. Winterberry plants are male or female. Only females make berries, but both are necessary for fruiting. Plant males 2 - 10’ from females or plant 1 of each sex in the same hole to ensure pollination.

Code: M, ☼, ø, ú, +, &, L

 

Black Currant, "Consort"

Consort is very hardy and immune to White Pine Blister Rust, making it possible to grow these currants in areas where white pine is planted. Adaptable to a wide range of soils and can grow and fruit in full shade.Plants will bear clusters of medium sized fruit the second year. Mature height 4 ft. Plant 3 ft. apart.

 

 

 

Code: F, ☼, &


Code descriptions


Growth Rate:  F – Fast,  M – Moderate,  S – Slow
Light Preference:  ☼ – Full Sun,  ø – Partial Sun,  • – Shade
Adaptation / Best Use:  + – Wetlands,  ú – Windbreak

o – Christmas Trees
& – Wildlife Food and Cover
W – Wood Products
E – Erosion Control
L – Locally Grown

 Back to Top

 



Hardwoods

Sugar Maple

Sugar Maple leaves are 3-5", dark green and in the fall turn red/orange. Mature height is 75-100'. They prefer moist, well-drained soil with a slightly acidic pH. Valued for shade, ornamental, lumber and syrup. Storm sturdy. Sensitive to city life.

Code: S, ☼, ø, &, W, L

 

Red Maple

Red Maple trees have simple 2-4” long leaves that are green above, whitened beneath, and turn scarlet in the fall. Reddish twigs. Trees reach 90' tall. They tolerate a wide variety of soil types including swampy soils, but do best on moist, fertile, loamy soils with an acidic pH.

Code: M, ☼, &, W, L

 

Black Cherry

The leaves of a Black Cherry are simple, 2-5” long and narrow, shiny with a paler underside. They produce a white flower and small red edible fruit. They grow 50-75’ tall. Grow best in fertile light, sandy soil, with a pH that is slightly acidic to slightly alkaline, but will grow on dry slopes.

Code: M, ☼, &, ú, W, L

 

Paper Birch

Paper Birch is known for its white, paper-like bark that peels easily. The leaves are long and pointed, 2-4” long, doubly saw-toothed, and dull green above and pale underneath. They can grow to be 50-70’ tall and favor well-drained sandy loams. They do well in soils of any pH.

Code: F, ☼, &, W,

 

Hybrid Poplar

Hybrid Poplars are very fast-growing trees, known to grow up to 5 - 8' per year. Leaves are silvery-green. Usually planted for fast shade, windbreaks, or to be harvested for pulp. Grows to 40 – 50' tall. They prefer moist soils.

Code: F, ☼, ú

 

White Oak

White Oaks are large robust trees that can reach heights of over 100 feet with a round,

  wide spreading crown.The leaves are 5-6 inches long with rounded tips that turn a purplish-red to violet-purple fall  Oaks produce acorns that are food for wildlife.

 

 

 

                                                                                    Code: S, ☼, &, W, L

 

Black Walnut

Black walnut has been brought back by request. Hardy, local stock used. Has the potential to reach 100'. The compound leaves of walnuts are spaced alternately along the branches. Black Walnut prefers deep, fertile, moist soils. The primary use is for timber and nut production. This tree produces a chemical called jugulone that is toxic to some herbaceous plants. 2-3" green nuts are edible, but may be a major obstacle when mowing under trees.

Code: F, ☼, ø, W, E, L

 

Butternut

The most northern hardy of the walnut family, the butternut are prized for their nutmeat and lumber.  Wood is a much lighter brown than that of the black walnut.  Hardy local stock used.  Compound leaves are 18-30" long.  Oval fruit is 1.5-2.5" and has a greenish-brown husk with a sticky surface.  Mature trees reach 50-60' tall.  In good soil they are extremely fast growers. 

Code: F, ø, W, L

Siberian Pear

 

 

Extremely hardy seedling pear with an astringent fruit that is unpalatable but makes a good vinegar. The tree has thorns, is a vigorous grower, very hardy, and produces a profusion of white blossoms which open about a week before the apples. Bright orange-red fall color. Two required for pollination.

 

                                                                         Code: S ☼ & W L

Thornless Honeylocust

 

Grown from local seed, these trees are very hardy and have a lacey “oriental” appearance.  Their delicate leaf with many small leaflets makes them a favorite yard tree. The curly, long brown pods often hang on the tree well into winter.                  Code: F ☼ & W L

 

 

 
Code descriptions

Growth Rate:  F – Fast,  M – Moderate,  S – Slow
Light Preference:  ☼ – Full Sun,  ø – Partial Sun,  • – Shade
Adaptation / Best Use:  + – Wetlands,  ú – Windbreak

o – Christmas Trees
& – Wildlife Food and Cover
W – Wood Products
E – Erosion Control
L – Locally Grown

 Back to Top


Miscellaneous Items

Tree Plantation Signs

Signs say: “Warning. Tree Plantation. No Motorized Vehicles. Hunting Fishing, Trapping or Trespassing for Any Purpose is Strictly Forbidden.” Includes space for name and address. Yellow .024 gauge plastic with black print. 11 ¼" X 11 ¼". Sold individually.

Fertilizer Tablets

Fertilizer tablets are tightly compressed, long lasting, and slow releasing. They are compact, easy-to use, and provide a safe, scientifically complete plant food (N-P-K analysis of 20-10-5) that will feed your trees for up to two years. Simply place a tablet 6-8” away from tree and a few inches deep.

60" Tree Protectors

The first 2-5 years after a tree is planted are the riskiest and most difficult. Newly planted trees are vulnerable; most deer damage takes place during this time. Tree protectors help to reduce the difficulties that the trees may face, and helps them grow straighter. Plants, tending to grow towards the light, will grow towards the opening of the tube where most of the light comes through. Tubes are about 4” in diameter, vented and include a bird net. They will need to be staked for stability.

Pointed Stakes

To be used with Tree Protectors. It is recommended that you use at least one stake with each tree protector. Stakes are 1” X 1” X 60”. The stake is installed completely outside of the tree protector and attached by two lock ties that come on the protector. Install stake into the wind. Sold individually.

 

 Back to Top
 
 





| |
The Official Web Site for St. Lawrence County Government
County Courthouse, 48 Court Street • Canton, New York 13617 - 1169
Contact Us